Permanent Residence and Citizenship

Permanent Resident (PR) Benefits

  • Work, live, and study anywhere in Canada;
  • Get free education for children and reduced university tuition;
  • Receive Canadian socialized “free” healthcare in all hospitals;
  • Sponsor your family members to come to Canada;
  • Qualify for home or car loans from Canadian banks;
  • Receive child benefit payments;
  • Receive Canadian unemployment and retirement benefits;
  • Qualify for Citizenship and passport in only 3 years

Permanent Residency Requirements

A Permanent Resident must do the following to maintain their status:

730 days (2 years) within 5 years, they must:

  • Be physically in Canada, or;
  • Outside Canada only if accompanying Canadian citizen who is their spouse (or parent for a child), or;
  • Outside Canada working for Canadian business, or Canadian government (full time), or;
  • Outside Canada accompanying a Permanent Resident working for Canadian business, or Canadian government (full time).

Become a Canadian Citizen

  • As a PR, qualify for Citizenship in only 3 years;
  • Qualify in less than 3 years if you also have work experience in Canada before obtaining PR;
  • Get a Canadian passport (access to over 175 countries);
  • Work and travel in the United States and Mexico under NAFTA regulations;
  • Vote in Canadian government elections.

Citizenship Requirements:

  • be physically present in Canada for at least 1095 days (3 years) during the 5 years immediately before the date of application;
  • Days as temporary resident can be counted as half days, up to 365 days;
  • Also count days: outside of Canada accompanied by Canadian spouse employed with armed forces/Canadian government;
  • maintain permanent resident status;
  • meet any applicable requirement under the Income Tax Act to file a return of income for the 3 years out of the 5 years before the date of application;
  • Speak and listen in the English or French language, level 4 for 18-55 years of age
  • Take a knowledge test of Canada and the responsibilities and privileges of Citizenship, including knowledge of:
    • Canada’s history
    • Canada’s geography
    • Canada’s government
    • Canadian symbols